What Are Second and Third Charge Bridging Loans?

Picture this: you already have a mortgage on your home, and now you need extra funds for a renovation or investment. 

A second charge bridging loan lets you access more money using the same property as collateral. However, the lender of this loan stands second in line with your original mortgage lender when it comes to repayment.

Similarly, a third charge bridging loan comes into play when you’ve already got two loans against an asset like a home. 

This new lender will be third in the repayment hierarchy. The risks are higher, the terms stricter, and your chances of getting approved are slimmer, but it’s not impossible.

Both types of loans offer a lot of versatility, generally have short terms (often around a year), and might not even require monthly payments.

How Do They Compare to First Charge Loans?

Interest Rates

First off, you’ll notice that the interest rates are higher for second and third charge loans. This is because the lender is taking on more risk, standing behind one or two other loans in case of default.

Exit Strategies

When applying for a first charge loan, often a mortgage, you generally don’t need an elaborate exit strategy. But for a second or third charge loan, you’ll need a clear plan to repay the loan when its term ends, be it through remortgaging, inheritance, or investments.

Credit Requirements

First charge loans might be more forgiving on your credit score, but second and third charge loans usually require a cleaner credit history. Any credit hiccups could jeopardise your repayment plan, making you a higher-risk candidate.

Deposit Amounts

You might secure a first charge loan with a 25% deposit, but for second and third charge loans, you’re looking at a steeper requirement, sometimes as high as 40-50%.

Asset Scrutiny

The quality of your assets will be more closely examined in second and third charge loans. The more liquid or valuable the asset, the more favourable terms you could negotiate.

Considerations with second or third charge bridging loans

How Can You Use a Second Charge Bridge Loan?

Just like other bridge loans, a second charge bridge loan offers you a ton of flexibility. Whether you’re in a rush to buy property or need funds for your business, this type of loan can be a lifesaver. 

Here’s a quick rundown of what you can do with it:

Buying Property 

You can use a second charge bridge loan to snag a new property. The loan will be paid off through the sale of your current property. You can use this loan for buying different types of properties like houses to rent out, HMOs, or even commercial buildings.

Upgrading Property

If you have an old property that needs a makeover, a second charge bridge loan can fund small or big renovations. You get the money you need based on the value of your property.

Business Boost

If you own a business, a second charge bridge loan can be a life-saver. Use it to settle your tax bill, expand your workspace, or even fund a deposit for a new purchase. It’s a quick way to get your hands on cash for business needs.

Different usage of second charge bridging loans

Eligibility Criteria

To take advantage of the above uses, you need to meet certain criteria. Here’s what you should know:

  • Owning a property is non-negotiable as the loan is secured against it.
  • You need to be at least 18 or 21, depending on the lender’s policy.
  • Sufficient equity in your property is essential, as it serves as collateral.
  • A consistent income source ensures you can keep up with repayments.
  • Your credit score plays a role in the terms and rates you’ll get.
  • An exit strategy is a must, indicating how you intend to pay off the loan.

Note: Lenders may have additional requirements, so treat these as general guidelines rather than hard rules.

Eligibility criteria for bridging loans

How to Successfully Apply for a Second or Third Charge Bridge Loan

Applying for a second or third charge bridge loan can be a bit tricky, but don’t worry. Here’s a handy guide to help you navigate the application process.

Speak to a Broker Early On

You might consider speaking to a broker as a last resort, but consulting one at the outset is actually a smart move.

Brokers are experts in the lending industry. They understand the nuances of various lenders’ requirements and can give you a game plan for your loan application. Talking to a broker early can save you both time and money.

Here’s how a broker can assist you:

  • Organise Your Finances – Get a grasp on your financial situation by reviewing your assets, debts, and how much you can afford to borrow.
  • Gather Your Paperwork – Be ready with important documents like your ID, proof of address, and bank statements, as you’ll need these for any lender.
  • Craft Your Exit Strategy – An exit strategy outlines how you intend to repay the loan, be it through the sale of property or another avenue.
  • Identify Suitable Lenders – Brokers can match you with lenders that align with your financial status and needs.
  • Understand Interest Rates and Fees – Get the low-down on the costs associated with your loan to avoid any surprises.
  • Clarify Eligibility Criteria – Know exactly what lenders are looking for to improve your chances of approval.
  • Suggest Loan Amounts – Based on your financial assessment, a broker can guide you on how much you should aim to borrow.

Pro Tip: Watch for Red Flags

As you gather your information, keep an eye out for potential issues, like a low credit score or insufficient deposit. Your broker can help you identify and address these red flags to improve your application.

Before you proceed with your loan application, it’s essential to fully understand all the legal and financial details. This is a good time to consult with your broker, and even legal advisors if needed, to make sure you’re well-informed. 

Once you feel confident about the details, schedule a final consultation with your broker. In this meeting, they can review all your prepared materials and guide you towards lenders who are likely to approve your application. 

If you’re looking for expert guidance, don’t hesitate to get in touch. We can connect you with experienced bridging finance advisors who can help you every step of the way.

Is a Second Charge Bridging Loan Regulated in the UK?

If you’re getting a second charge bridging loan for a residential property where you or a family member will live, know that the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) regulates it. The FCA ensures that lenders follow strict guidelines and assess whether the loan is suitable and affordable for you.

But what if you’re investing in property for business? In that case, the loan is unregulated by the FCA. Don’t fret; unregulated doesn’t mean risky. These loans follow different rules tailored for non-residential properties.

Which Lenders Offer These Loans?

If you’re in the market for a second or third charge bridging loan, there are several lenders to consider, such as Clifton PF, Market Financial Solutions (MFS), MT Finance, Precise Mortgages, and West One Loans. Keep in mind that this list isn’t exhaustive.

Since the bridging loan market is smaller than that for mortgages, you’ll find other providers as well. Consult a broker for tailored advice on which lenders best suit your needs based on rates and eligibility criteria.

How Much Can You Borrow with a Second Charge Bridging Loan?

These loans usually start at £50,000, but there’s no fixed upper limit. However, it’s not a one-size-fits-all scenario. The amount you can borrow hinges on the equity in your property and the lender’s specific criteria.

In terms of Loan-to-Value (LTV), you could secure up to 80% of your property’s value. Even better, if you’ve got other assets, you might borrow more.

But let’s not forget that bridging loans can be costly. They come with higher interest rates and additional fees compared to regular loans like mortgages. 

Plus, you’ll be juggling mortgage payments alongside the bridging loan repayments. Your credit history and ability to repay will also play into how much you can borrow.

Curious about the potential costs? Check out our bridge loan calculator to get an idea of the overall expense.

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The Bottom Line

Getting second and third-charge bridging loans can be challenging. Different lenders have their own sets of rules and rates, making it tough to know where to start. 

Here’s your takeaway: these loans are complex but they offer a financial solution when you need quick, additional funding. Knowing the ins and outs can save you money and stress.

Bridging loan advisors are experts who can simplify this for you. They’re adept at matching you with lenders that meet your financial criteria, and can even help you find more favourable terms. In essence, they’re your shortcut to making an informed decision that saves you both time and money.

Want to learn more? Just fill out this quick form. We’ll arrange for a specialised advisor to contact you for a free, no-obligation chat.